What is a keyboard and how many types does it have?

What is a keyboard and how many types does it have ?

After all, what is keyboard? You must have used the keyboard at some time or the other. If you have ever used a computer or laptop, then you have definitely used the keyboard.

But there are also many people who have seen the keyboard. But do not know about it. So read this post completely. Because this post has been written with the aim of making the information of the keyboard accessible to you.

A keyboard is a kind of input device. Keyboard is called ‘keyboard’ in Hindi language. With this help, we give a signal to the computer. The keyboards are mostly used for Typing.

All the buttons on the keyboard are up, which when pressed, type the symbol, number and letter of the same button which is written on it.

The number of buttons in the key board is generally assumed to be 104. But at present, some buttons in the keyboard have started coming up for Songs.

Computer keyboard functions according to the type of buttons and their function and mixing software.

What is keyboard ?

A keyboard is an input device. Its use in computer is mainly used to enter text, number data, commands and other data in computer.

The keyboard is used to give special instructions to the computer. A normal keyboard consists of Alphabetic and Numeric buttons that are used to infut numeric and text.

There are many types of function keys and edting keys on the keyboard which are used to start the function directly.8

Most keyboards use an arrangement of buttons called Qwerty. The user uses an input device such as a mouse and keyboard to communicate on the computer.

When we press the keyboard button, its data is converted into machine language so that the computer can understand the instructions coming from the input device.

Keyboard History –

The history of computer keyboard is not as old as we think. Although its ancestor was a typewriter. Because the board is also considered as old as its ancestor.

The modern-day keyboard was invented in 1868 by Christopher Latham Sholes. Because on this day, he received the typewriter patent of modern times.

Keyboard Design –

A special layout of a key present on a computer keyboard is called a keyboard layout (Layout). The layout of the keyboard itself determines who determines the size, texture and type of the keyboard.

Many modern keyboard layouts are available in modern times. All countries in the world make the layout of the keyboard according to their language and script.

The layout of all keyboards is usually divided into two parts.

1. Qwerty Keyboard Layout
2. Non-Qwerty Keyboard Layout

1. Qwerty Keyboard Layout

This keyboard layout is the most used and popular keyboard layout. It is a worldwide adopted keyboard layout and the same keyboard layout is used in modern day keyboards.

Some other keyboards of Qwerty Keyboard layout:
AZERTY
QZERTY
QWERTY

2. Non-Qwerty Keyboard Layout

This keyboard layout is not used to set keys, it is used non-Qwerty keyboards.

Some other keyboards in the layout of Non-Qwerty Keyboard:
Colemak
Workman
Dvork

How to add keyboard to computer ?

Step 1. Turn off the power supply

First of all turn off the power switch in the computer. If the supply is on, then we will not advise you to do this work. If you cannot do this work, then get this work done by someone knowledgeable.

Step 2. Check the keyboard connector

Check the type of keyboard connector. This connector is a wire with one end attached to the keyboard and the other end exiting.

If the end of the keyboard is rectangular then it is Port USB Port Connector. If it is round in shape then the PS2 type is Port.

A keyboard with a USB Type Port connects to a USB port and a PS2 keyboard to a PS2 Port.

Step 3. Locate the appropriate connector in the cabinet

Next, find the appropriate connector in the computer cabinet. To find this connector go to the back side of the cabinet.

Step 4. Connect the keyboard to the computer connector

Now you must have known what computer connectors are, so let’s connect these two.

First of all, hold the main string of the keyboard in the right hand. Then insert the keyboard connector into the cabinet port. While adding this, turn off the mains supply and do it carefully.

Step 5. Check the computer keyboard and start

After you add the keyboard, turn on the computer and check the connected by pressing the keyboard button.

If the keyboard is connected correctly then the buttons will work. If not connected then it will not work.

Use and knowledge of all keyboard buttons –

The QWERTY layout is the most popular and adopted pattern worldwide.

Now let us know how many buttons are in a normal keyboard and what are all the functions, uses, types and names.

A simple and simple keyboard consists of 104 and is based on the operating system and manufacturers of their keyboard. In general, we can say that Qwerty keyboards usually have 100 Keys (±).

Each button in the keyboard has its own different function and they are divided into 6 categories based on the task. The rules are as follows

1. Function key
2. typing key
3. Control key
4. Navigation key
5. Indicator key
6. Numeric Key

1. Function Keys

Function keys are at the top of the keyboard. This key ranges from 1F to 12F. The function key is used to perform a specific task. They have different functions in each task.

2. Typing Keys

These keys are most commonly used in the keyboard. Typing keys contain both types of keys (alphabet and number), which are also collectively called Alphanumeric keys.

Typing keys also include all types of punctuation and symbols, commonly called alphanumeric keys. All types of punctuation and symbols are included in the typing key.

When any person learns typing, he has to train these keys. Therefore, their information should be well known.

3. Control keys

These keys are used along with other and stand-alone keys to perform any task. Most commonly the Ctrl key, Alt key, Esc key and window key are used as control keys in a common keyboard. Along with these, control keys like Prtscr key, scroll key, menu key, brake key etc. are also included.

4. Navigation Keys

Navigation keys contain Home, End, Page up, Delete, Arrow key, Page down etc. These keys are used to move around the webpage and document.

Other main typing keys and their uses –

1.Tab Key

This tab is used to position multiple characters at once. Apart from this, it also has many functions. Some keyboards also use tabs in shortcuts. This button is the only one in the computer that is located on its left side.

2. Caps Lock Key

This button is used to write capital letters. When the caps lock is on, all letters are typed in uppercase. When the caps lock is off, all letters are typed in lowercase.

Upper case letter – ABCD …..
Lower case letters – abcd …..
3. Shift key

The shift key is used to type the letters in uppercase. Apart from this, shift keys are also used to type the top part of the button.

The computer has two Shift buttons. One right shift button, second left shift button. When we type the capital letter with the left hand, the right shift button should be pressed and the left button is pressed while typing the capital letter with the right hand.

4. Spacebar

The largest key in the keyboard is the space bar. This key is used to move the cursor from one place to the next.
5. Enter Key

The Enter key is an important key in the keyboard. It is used to start the next line. When the Enter key is pressed, the cursor moves to the beginning of the next line. The Enter key also acts as an ‘ok’ button.

6. Back Space

Back space is used to erase selected words next to the cursor. Along with this, its function also changes in different types of software.

Some of the main control keys and their uses –

1.Esc Key
Currently, in computer, Esc key is used to delete a task or a file. The full name of Esc key is escape key.
2. Ctrl key
The full name of the Ctrl key is Control Key. It is used in shortcuts.

3.Alt key
Alt key is full name Alter Key. In the keyboard it is used for shortcuts.
4. Windows logo key
This type of Windows key is used to open the menu.

5. Menu key
The Menu key works just like the right button of a mouse. This key opens the options related to the selected program.
6.Prtser Key
Such a key is used to take an image of a computer’s screen.

Use of Navigation Keys

1.Arrow Key

These strings are Arrow keys – Up Arrow, Down Arrow, Right Arrow, Laft Arrow such as transferring webpage and files up and down. Is done for.

2.Home Key

This Home key is used to bring the cursor to the beginning of a document.
3.End Key

Such a key is used to place the cursor at the end of a document.

4.Insert key

Such a key is used to ON and OFF the insert mode.

5.Delete Key

This type of key is used to remove files and folders.

6. Page key

This type of key is used to move a page up.

7. Page Down Key (page key below)

Such a key is used to move a page down.

Using the numeric keypad –

It remains installed on the right side of the keypad. It has numbers from 0 to 9. In addition, it is also used for addition, subtraction, division, and decimal sign.

Numeric Keypad is used to write numbers. Number lock must be turned on to use the numeric keypad.

what have you learned ?

In this post we have explained what is keyboard? You must have learned about the keyboard in detail.

We hope that by reading this post you have understood the complete information about the keyboard.

Now you will not have any problem in using the keyboard and you will be able to use the keyboard easily.

You have an expectation that you can share this post with your friend, facebook, group and all other friends and on social media, so that they too can get information about what the keyboard is.

If you want to reach and talk about anything, then you can ask us through comments.

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